Carb Choice/AMY1 Testing
Fitgenes Australia is a world leader in offering the latest information on the role the AMY 1 gene plays in starch carbohydrate metabolism.
Fitgenes has developed Carb Choice, a personalised genetic profile report of the AMY1 gene, which determines how effectively you metabolise starch from carbohydrates. This genetic test and consultation is now available at Gilmours Havelock North Pharmacy.
Scientific studies have shown that variations in the human salivary amylase gene (AMY1) differ based on populations, which have traditionally eaten high starch diets, compared to those who have traditionally eaten low starch diets. Variations within the AMY1 gene influence how well your body can breakdown and process starch, meaning that some people can tolerate these carbohydrates better than others. Starch is the most common carbohydrate included in human diets - however, there is a considerable range of variation between cultures of dietary starch intake. Traditionally, "high starch" populations tended to be agricultural societies and arid region hunter-gathers, while "low starch" populations included rainforest and arctic hunter-gatherers and some pastoralists.
What is your AMY 1 Gene?
AMY1 is a gene that produces the enzyme amylase.
What is Amylase?
Amylase is found in our saliva and plays a major role in the digestion of starch, which is a carbohydrate found in grains, legumes, fruit, vegetables, nuts and seeds. Amylase begins the process of carbohydrate metabolism in the mouth.
50% of bread starch and 25% of pasta starch is broken down during the short chewing time of 19 to 27 secs.
What will knowing my AMY1 gene variation tell me?
Lower AMY1 copy number indicates:
- Reduced amount of enzyme in your saliva needed to break down starch
- A reduced tolerance of high-starch diets
- A greater risk or predisposition to obesity
- Reduced glycaemic control (reduced glucose or blood sugar control)
- Increased risk for metabolic abnormalities
Test your AMY 1 gene to help you understand:
- How effectively do you metabolise and tolerate carbohydrates
- How effectively do you metabolise and tolerate gluten
- Do carbohydrates put you at an increased risk of being overweight
- Do carbohydrates put you at an increased risk of having diabetes
- How many grams of carbohydrates can you eat per day
- What type of carbohydrates should you avoid
- How effectively do you use your carbohydrates for energy
Who should test their AMY 1 Gene?
Anyone who wants to understand how their body metabolises and tolerates carbohydrates and make the best dietary choices for themselves.
- Gluten intolerant or Celiacs
- Food sensitivities
- Struggling to lose weight or maintain weight loss
- Diabetic or insulin resistant
- Gut dysbiosis under or over growth
- Autoimmune issues
- Persistent infections such as thrush or urinary tract infections
- Have periodontal (gum) disease